I was configuring MySQL Cluster where the application servers use a properties file to connect to the MySQL Data/Storage node (I configured both Data and Storage nodes on same physical server).
I want the application to use a single IP address, to access the DB servers in cluster. Since if any of the nodes fail, the application servers should still be able to query the databases.
Hence I thought of using LVS so that multiple application servers can access the DB servers through VIP. To achieve the same I have configured LVS, thought of sharing the same.

RHEL Linux LVS setup:


REDHAT Linux Cluster Packages

Configuration for LB server:

Configure packet forwarding on LB server

vi /etc/sysctl.conf

net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1        # change to 1,

Install piranha package from redhat cluster group

Once installed, configure the password:

# piranha-passwd

for autostart the LVS services, below are the commands

# chkconfig pulse on
# chkconfig piranha-gui on
# chkconfig httpd on

Start the http and piranha services

# service httpd start
# service piranha-gui start

Open http://localhost:3636 in a Web browser to access the Piranha Configuration Tool.
Click on the Login button and enter piranha for the Username and the administrative password you created in the Password field.


Configure file to set up LVS

vi /etc/sysconfig/ha/lvs.cf        # Sample configuration file for 11.1 and 11.4

serial_no = 47
primary =
service = lvs
backup_active = 1
backup =
heartbeat = 1
heartbeat_port = 539
keepalive = 3
deadtime = 6
network = direct
debug_level = NONE
monitor_links = 0
syncdaemon = 0
virtual MySQL {
active = 1
address = bond0:1
vip_nmask =
port = 3306
expect = “UP”
use_regex = 1
send_program = “/root/mysql_mon.sh %h”
load_monitor = none
scheduler = wlc
protocol = tcp
timeout = 5
reentry = 3
quiesce_server = 0
server Server1 {
address =
active = 1
weight = 1
server Server2 {
address =
active = 1
weight = 1

Restart the pulse services on the LVS Routers

# service pulse restart

Verify the LVS. Check the ipvsadm entries:

[root@ServerLB|]~ # ipvsadm

IP Virtual Server version 1.2.1 (size=4096)
Prot LocalAddress:Port Scheduler Flags
-> RemoteAddress:Port           Forward Weight ActiveConn InActConn
TCP wlc
-> Server1  :mysql              Route   1      0          0
-> Server2  :mysql              Route   1      0          0

MySQL Real Servers configuration:

Run below commands on both the MySQL nodes

echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_ignore
echo 2 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_announce

Configure loopback on both the MySQL nodes

ifconfig lo:0 netmask up

OR (Permanent changes)

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-lo:0


To bring up the IP alias the ifup command is used:
/sbin/ifup lo

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